The Colegio de San Juan de Letran was established in 1620 by Dominican priests. But it also contributes us a lot of good things. Such was the state of culture of the Filipinos when Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines at the head of a Spanish expedition searching for the Spice Islands in 1521. The Spanish language is among the many components of the Filipino language. The Flores de Mayo Festival, also called Santacruzan, is a parade that features beautiful ladies holding religious artifacts such as a bible, a small cross, or a statue of the Sto. What differentiates the Filipino picadillo from other versions is its soupy characteristic. Today, Filipinos under the tertiary program are required to undergo the National Service Training Program (NSTP) wherein they are trained for military and/or community service. The Spanish colonization of the Philippines brought about numerous influences because the Spaniards had the luxury of time in penetrating the Filipino culture. This is now what we call The Philippines. Summary of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines. Kaldereta is a dish of meat stewed in tomato sauce with potatoes, liver, cheese, olives, bell pepper and chilli. Blog. The kalesa, originally spelled as calesa in Spanish, is a Filipino version of the horse-drawn carriage known as calash in the western parts of the world. It change the system of it. Several languages were spoken, then, as now, although there was one common alphabet called babaying, which resembled the ancient alphabet of India. During the Spanish regime, all male Filipinos from 18 to 60 years of age were required to give their free labor, called polo, to the government. It was the Spanish monarchy. There was oral and written literature. The contribution of this mission work toward the advancement of education, culture, and architecture in general was enormous, although in later years the friars came to be considered as the opponents of the enlightenment of the people. The natives dwelt on houses made of bamboo and palm leaves, and were properly attired at all times. We all know that they were the one who presented our today’s religion even they forced the Filipinos before, but still we adapted it and devoted with our strong faith. The actual work of colonization began in 1565, when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi concluded treaties of friendship with the native chiefs. Before the discovery of the Philippines, Filipinos were Pagans – their gods and goddesses were embedded in nature. These include: The Spolarium, a painting by Juan Luna, won the first prize in a painting contest in Madrid. During the Spanish era, the Philippines (governed by the Spanish) had a government hierarchy primarily composed of the nacional, the alcaldia or encomienda, the pueblo, and the barrio. The Spanish Colonization in the Philippines. The Pontificial and Royal University of Santo Tomas, colloquially called UST, was established in 1611 by Dominican priests. Picadillo, meaning “mince” in Spanish, is a dish made of ground beef, potatoes, tomatoes, and other ingredients. The Filipinos also learned the Mañana Habit from the Spaniards, a habit called procrastination in English. Spanish colonialism in The Philippines Portugese explorer Ferdinand Magellan successfully led the European expedition to Philippines in the service of the King of Spain. In conclusion, the Spanish colonization was bad for the Philippines, because it took their right, and changed many thing in the country such as the government. For this purpose thousands of Catholic missionaries belonging to various orders came to the Philippines. To console Juan Luna for not being awarded the gold medal, King Alfonso XII of Spain commissioned him to paint the Battle of Lepanto. And that is the reason why many foreign countries had colonized our country. THE SPANISH COLONIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINES The Philippines was very lucky because our country was rich in natural resources. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020 He arrived in March 1521 during his circumnavigation of the globe. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The Spaniards conquered the Philippines for 333 years. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. Spanish colonialism began with the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi 's expedition on February 13, 1565, from Mexico. Much of the archipelago came under Spanish rule, creating the first unified political structure known as the Philippines. Through this, Filipinos learned to work for money and use it to pay for their needs and, at the same time, there was also a standard amount of money to be paid by Filipinos to the government and to the church. They improved and helped our country in many ways. Spanish Colonization of the Philippines The Philippines is an archipelago of more than 7,000 islands in Southeast Asia. ( Log Out /  Niño de Cebu, a statue of whom was given by Ferdinand Magellan to the wife of Rajah Humabon upon her baptism. The Barasoain Church, named the Cradle of Democracy in the East, is among the most important churches in the history of the Philippines. The Spanish colonization in the Philippines brought such poverty, violence, misery to us Filipino. Then he proceeded to establish a Spanish town on Cebu Island, to convert the people to Roman Catholicism. They also built hospitals, asylums, and orphanages to take care of the sick and needy (including the unwanted babies sired by friars). It is dedicated to Sr. Sto. However, Luna was not awarded the gold medal because he was a Filipino. Here is a list of borrowed words as provided by Wikipedia: The Filipino cuisine is apparently a fusion of many different cuisines, including Chinese, Malay, Spanish, and many more. Following several more Spanish expeditions, the first permanent settlement was established in Cebu in 1565. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Advantages Of Spanish Colonization 2000 Words | 8 Pages. FRANCIS C. MACANSANTOS PRISCILLA S. MACANSANTOS The existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups at the time of conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs. Although some indigenous art forms survived, new forms and influences from Europe and America gradually became the The main focus of this study is going to be the process colonization of the Philippines and how the Spanish colonized the Philippines, primarily focusing in the customs and cultures. A Spanish expedition, sailing across the Pacific Ocean from east to west, and led by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan (died Apr 27, 1521) lands on Homonhon Island ea st of Sama r with three small ships, named the Concepcion, However, food historians claim that about 80% of Filipino food were derived from Spanish influence. Catholicism is the most important contribution that the Spanish given to us. No unity, no proper government, divided tribes. Even after the encomienda system was abolished, corrupt Spanish officials continued to exploit the people, who still had to render forced labor and pay heavy tribute. After aiding Filipino revolutionaries to kick out … Spain is one of the foreign countries that colonized our country for more than three hundred years. Everything started when Ferdinand Magellan discovered this place, and was dazzled by the diverse and bountiful natural resources that one tropical destination in the east possessed. Magellan made a blood compact with the local chieftain of Cebu, Rajah Humabon as a sign of friendship. The Spanish colonization of the Philippines brought about numerous influences because the Spaniards had the luxury of time in penetrating the Filipino culture. The Spanish colonial policy was virtually designed not only to keep Philippines under control but also to exploit her rich natural resources. Longganisa is a term for the Filipino sausage similar to the Spanish chorizo. The onerous system of taxation, the arbitrary and unjust forced labor, the monopolistic galleon trade and stringent trade and agricultural policies, consequently brought about a distorted and unbalanced economy. When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago in 1521, they found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization. Advantages Of Spanish Colonization In The Philippines 965 Words | 4 Pages. This labor was for 40 days a year, reduced to 15 days in 1884. Probably one of the most widely-used images to depict the Spanish excesses in the Philippines is that of the lecherous,… But Spain’s biggest legacy to the Philippines is Roman Catholism, which the people embraced readily from the beginning. Ateneo de Manila University, originally called Escuala Pia during its establishment, was built in 1859 by the Jesuits. Those are some reasons on why the Spanish easily conquered our land. The Filipinos were made to build roads, bridges, and infrastructure. This can be attributed to the patriarchal culture of the Spanish people, which was apparently embraced by the Filipinos. The Spanish start and end their day late, and the Filipinos must have acquired this attitude from them. Filipinos gave crops and other materials to the chieftain as taxes. One chief source of abuse, the encomienda system, was not abolished until the end of the 18th century. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries, the longest period that the Philippines experienced foreign rule. The encomenderos ruled like the feudal lords of Medieval Europe, and exploited their territories to the limit. The colorful rituals and numerous holidays of the Catholic Church gave rise to many folk traditions. This painting is now considered a national treasure and can be found in the National Museum. The Feast of the Black Nazarene is attended by millions of devotees around the world every 9th of January, in honor of the miraculous statue of Jesus Christ that survived a fire without being being deformed in any way. ( Log Out /  Spain is one of the foreign countries that colonized our country for more than three hundred years. The country is divided into three main areas: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. During the pre-colonial period, Filipinos did not have currencies. Also, about 40 percent of informal Filipino conversation consists of Spanish loan words. Philippine Literature in the Spanish Colonial Period. The Spaniards also introduced a system of forced labor called the polo y servicios wherein Filipinos were sent to different places to serve 40 days of construction work. Today, there are still schools and universities built during the Spanish era that are still operating. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. However, this is not being practiced nowadays. During the Spanish colonization in the Philippines , the government was composed of two branches, the executive and the judicial. Spanish influence in the Philippines region can be traced back… Ensaymada is a sweet, soft bread usually topped with butter and cheese. Spanish historians, writing about the early Filipinos, affirmed that there was hardly a man or woman who could not read and write. Socioeconomic Imposition of tribute, bandala, and cedula personal Requirements of polo y servicio Establishment of government monopolies Limited agricultural and commercial development. The only laws created in the Philippines are those who were ordered by the Governor General. Picadillo is usually served with rice. They left their mark probably more so than any other foreign nation to which the Philippines was subjected.Spain was one of the most powerful nations in th… Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Spain’s foremost aim in the Philippines was to spread their religion. Today, there are more than 600,000 churches in the Philippines. As a matter of fact, it is very common to hear Filipinos count in Spanish rather than in Filipino or in English. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries, the longest period that the Philippines experienced foreign rule. The folk have come to associate the occasion with gay colors, brass bands, and general merrymaking. There was no legislative branch on that time since the laws of the islands were coming from Spain . The pre-colonized and post-colonized Philippines will be discussed and compared with one another to determine the degree of change that occurred with the Filipino culture. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. The Spanish showed how advanced and strong they are in terms of technologies and how to handle a war. Codes of law governed their conduct. Athena Goodlight: https://history.knoji.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/. Back to Article List. Their  only way of acquiring materials and properties was only through barter. It was also at this point when the Spanish missionaries tried to eliminate the ancient written literature of the Filipinos. The Siesta is another Filipino practice we inherited from the Spaniards. Change ), Summary of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, Summary of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines, The Life in the Philippines before the Spanish Regime, https://history.knoji.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/. Starting on a clean slate, it can be said that the missionaries encouraged the growth of literature, art, science, and industry. The beggar by the church gate or the frequented street corner, and the blind mendicant begging from house to house became familiar sights. They cultivated rice, which was their staple food, fished the extensive waters around them, and brewed many kinds of drinks, which they were very fond of. The advantages and drawbacks of the colonization of the Philippines by Spain The domination of the Spanish Empire over the Philippines lasted 333 years, from 1565 to 1898. Filipinos from the pre-colonial period honored women. A remnant of the architecture during the Spanish colonization lies in the heart of Vigan – the famous Calle Crisologo. Effects of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines 2. The feudal economy remained, with land concentrated in the hands of a few individuals and the Church itself. It served as the venue for three historic events in the Philippine history: the convention of First Philippine Congress, the drafting of the Malolos Constitution, and the inauguration of the First Philippine Republic. The kalesa typically has a higher ceiling than a calash. However, the NSTP is not as strict and burdensome as the polo y servicios because not participating in it does not pose as much threat to Filipinos as the polo y servicios. Ferdinand Magellan was the first European recorded to have landed in the Philippines. The women’s position in society was high; tribal laws and customs recognized her equality with the men in many respects. Leche flan, meaning “milk flan” in Spanish, is a Filipino version of Spanish flan made of egg yolks and condensed milk. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. the Spanish took advantage of the already divided up people in the Philippines and easily dominated by them. It is the act of taking a nap during the afternoon, usually after eating lunch. THE SPANISH COLONIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINES The Philippines was very lucky because our country was rich in natural resources. The gravity of the change of culture and tradition that the Filipinos went through over the Spanish colonization period shows how influential they were to us. It was during these feasts, too, that the peasants indulged in such pastimes as drinking palm wine and cock-fighting. Up to this date, the institution still retains its Spanish name. The Spaniards ruled the Philippines for 300 years under these conditions, continually harassed by Chinese pirates, by the Moros (Mohammedans from Mindanao and Sulu), by the Dutch and the English who wanted to take possession of the Islands, and finally by the frequent revolts on the part of the natives. The Spanish colonial rule and Catholicism might have created cultural values and norms that created a society more predisposed toward corruption. Kalesas can still be seen nowadays in historic sites in the Philippines such as in Intramuros and Vigan to add up to the historical feel of the surroundings. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In fact, the Philippines is now the 5th largest Christian country in the world. The time that the Philippines was under Spanish rule makes up a major part of their history. The people practiced monogamy in general. The religious orders established schools and colleges, founded libraries and museums, and set up printing presses. Magellan landed on the island of Cebu, claiming the lands for Spain and naming them Islas de San Lazaro.He set up friendly relations with some of the local chieftains and converted some of them to Roman Catholicism. It is typically recited or sung alternately. Spanish made the Philippines like Saudi Arabia, a family rules the country. This form of art is adapted by the Filipinos from the Spanish until Filipinos eventually began to perform sarswelas as a tradition. The Spanish used Galleons as the main ships to transport goods to and from the Western Pacific, and many of the ships where constructed in Manila, Philippines, hence the name, Manila Galleon trade route. Whether this is true or not, historians seem to agree that the cross, rather than the sword, conquered the Filipinos. During the pre-colonial period, the Filipino people were divided – in culture and in state. Attempts at reform by sympathetic Spanish officials were quickly put down by influential personages who had their own interests to protect. Because of the destruction of ancient writings, in their eagerness to erase the previous cultural records of the Philippines, only the orally transmitted literature has survived. The few priests who tried to defend the people were helpless, and the elaborate laws framed to protect the subjects were openly flouted. The Philippine islands first came to the attention of Europeans with the Spanish expedition around the world led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. Instead of anitos, they now have saints. However, the Spanish colonization introduced money currency to the Filipinos and along with this came a standardized taxation system. Change ). In the ensuing Battle of Mactan, Magellan and other Spanish soldiers lost their liv… ( Log Out /  The natives dwelt on houses made of bamboo and palm leaves, and were properly attired at all times. Numerous paintings and sculptures were made during the Spanish era. After Humabon converted to Catholicism and was baptized as Carlos, he requested Magellan to subjugate his enemy Lapu-Lapu, the chief of nearby Mactan Island. With the rising influence of the Catholic Church in the Philippines, there began a contention for power between the religious and civil authorities, which proved harmful to the Filipinos. Each camp accused the other of oppressing the people. TIMELINE: SPANISH COLONIZATION OF THE PHILIPPINES 1521, Mar 16. Punishments with varying degrees of severity were meted out to culprits whose offenses were tried in public courts presided over by the chiefs. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Roads and bridges were also more developed since they were constructed with bricks and stones. The Philippine Revolution (Filipino: Himagsikang Pilipino; Spanish: Revolución Filipina), called the Tagalog War (Filipino: Digmaang Tagalog; Spanish: Guerra Tagala) by the Spanish, was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities of the Spanish East Indies, under the Spanish Empire (Kingdom of Spain). These include the Seven Sacraments namely: Christianity is also responsible for the numerous festivals celebrated in the Philippines, usually depicting the religiosity of the Filipino people. Due to their power (the Spaniards), they became abusive to the Indios which they discriminated in their own land. Stay tuned for part 2 as that will discuss events from the Dagohoy revolt to the events around the 1870's. ( Log Out /  The fiesta, or religious festival, for example, quickly became the chief occasion for the folk to gather and perform songs and dances. Famous churches in the Philippines include: Located within the walls of Intramuros, the Manila Cathedral serves as the residence of the Archbishop of Manila. The Spanish colonization of the Philippines from 1565 to 1898 brought about profound changes in the life and art of the Filipinos. Aside from religious practices, the Spanish colonization brought day-to-day practices that were eventually became part of the Filipino culture. Also located within the walls of Intramuros, San Agustin Church is the oldest-standing church in the Philippines, having been completed in 1607. It's the third largest nation that speaks English in the world. When a Filipino tribe was planning to have a revolution, the Spanish would send another group of Filipino tribes to conquer their fellow Filipinos, which results of creating a stronger sense of division. The Spaniards ruled the Philippines for 300 years under these conditions, continually harassed by Chinese pirates, by the Moros (Mohammedans from Mindanao and Sulu), by the Dutch and the English who wanted to take possession of the Islands, and finally by the frequent revolts on the part of the natives. They started to believe in Christ and the concept of salvation and afterlife. These churches cater to about 93% of the current population of the Philippines – the Christian population. A Spanish expedition, sailing across the Pacific Ocean from east to west, and led by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan (died Apr 27, 1521) lands on Homonhon Island east of Samar with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Literally meaning stone house, the bahay na bato was made of bricks and stones. He established the first permanent settlement in Cebu. 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spanish colonization in the philippines

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