Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom Tooth Extraction

The third molar teeth, or “wisdom teeth” as they are commonly known, often cause problems when they emerge. They are the final teeth that erupt, and often come into the mouth around the ages of 16-25. When the wisdom teeth get stuck against the back of the teeth in front they are usually referred to as impacted wisdom teeth.

Impacted Wisdom Teeth

This is the most common issue surrounding wisdom teeth, with 60%-70% of wisdom teeth growing impacted. They typically appear when individuals are in their late teens or early twenties. Oral surgery for wisdom teeth removal is generally advised in order to avoid potential complications later on, particularly decay in the adjacent tooth, or recurrent infections.

Other typical, although not always common problems may include:

Pericoronitis
This refers to the infection that sometimes develops around a wisdom tooth that is only partly exposed through the gum. Antibiotics may temporarily treat the problem, but the tooth will need to be removed.
Decay

Both the wisdom tooth and the molar tooth it sits against are susceptible to decay because the area is impossible to clean effectively.

Cysts

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac that may develop around the crown of an unerupted wisdom tooth, and steadily enlarge in size, resulting in considerable destruction of surrounding bone. They can only be detected through the use of an x-ray and must be surgically removed.

Bone Damage to the Lower Jaw

Wisdom teeth that have erupted poorly can cause further weakness in the lower jaw bone, increasing the potential for jaw fracture following trauma.

Schedule Your Wisdom Tooth Extraction With Dr Ferguson

Simple wisdom tooth extraction under local anesthesia in the dental chair may be all that is needed to remove a problem wisdom tooth. More commonly, and especially for multiple extractions, surgery is performed under general anesthesia in hospital as a day surgery procedure.

For more information on oral surgery for wisdom teeth removal or to schedule an appointment with Dr Ferguson at his practices in the Melbourne suburbs of Box Hill and Bulleen, call (03) 9898 1877 or enquire online at [email protected].