Glossary

Glossary

  • Denture
    Definition: A set of artificial teeth to replace either a full dental arch or a partial dental arch. Dentures sometimes require the use of dental adhesives as they sit on top of the gums.
    • Genioplasty
      Related Words: Genioplasty, Jaw osteotomy.
      Definition: A surgical procedure that reshapes the chin usually for cosmetic reasons.
  • Implant bone grafts
    Definition: If patients who want dental implants either lack a sufficient amount of bone in their upper or lower jaws – or if the bone in those areas is particularly weak, then the patient may undergo a bone graft procedure to prepare them for Implants.
  • Jaw osteotomy
    Related Words: Jaw osteotomy
    Definition: Corrective surgery that is done on the upper jaw (maxillary osteotomy), or lower jaw (mandibular osteotomy). Jaw osteotomy surgery may be performed for either cosmetic or functional reasons.
  • Malocclusion
    Related Words: Malocclusion
    Definition: In layman’s terms malocclusion is known as a ‘bad bite’ and is characterised by an incorrect alignment of the upper and lower teeth. Common malocclusions are underbite, overbite, overjet, and crossbite.
  • Orthodontist
    Related Words: Orthodontist
    Definition: A dentist who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of problems related to tooth or jaw alignment. As it is a specialty, orthodontists are required to complete several years of additional study and training on top of standard dentistry studies. Orthodontists are responsible for affixing braces or prescribing other orthodontic treatments such as Invisalign or Myobrace.
  • Wisdom teeth
    Related Words: Wisdom teeth
    Definition: Also referred to as ‘third molar teeth’ (as they are located behind the second molar teeth at the back of the mouth), wisdom teeth are the last teeth to come up through the gums, usually between the ages of 16 and 25. They often become impacted (stuck against the tooth in front), which can cause damage to the surrounding teeth, bone, and gum tissue if left untreated.